FSM was developed by Dr. Carolyn McMakin in 1995 using frequencies passed on from an osteopath in Canada who had a practice that came with a machine made in the 1920’s. Dr. McMakin developed protocols for the treatment of myofascial pain in 1996 and presented her clinical data at the American Back Society national meeting in December 1997. In 1998, she published the paper on the “Treatment of chronic resistant myofascial pain in the head, neck, and face” in Topics in Clinical Chiropractic. In addition to other published FSM paper.
Dr. McMakin’s textbook “Frequency Specific Microcurrent in Pain Management” was recently published by Elsevier. Dr. McMakin began teaching FSM in 1997 to see if the effects of FSM were reproducible. By June 1997 it was clear that the effects were reproducible and the seminars have evolved into a four-day intensive class in the use of frequency protocols, the differential diagnosis of pain generators, and neurologic conditions.
The frequencies were developed in the early 1900s and were used with funky-looking electronic equipment that fell out of use in the 1940s. Microcurrent was introduced as a battery-operated physical therapy modality in the 1980s in Europe and the USA. Microcurrent devices deliver frequencies and current in millionths of an amp and have been shown in published studies to increase energy (ATP) production in cells by 500%
Since 1997, hundreds of practitioners around the world have taken the FSM seminar and use this amazing new technique to help patients recover from myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, sports injuries, concussion and many other health concerns. The FSM seminar teaches frequency protocols, differential diagnosis of pain complaints and hands-on use of the microcurrent equipment. Our students evaluate the seminars consistently with 5/5 value approval ratings
Carolyn McMakin, MA, DC is the leading authority and developer of Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM). She maintains a part-time clinical practice, participates in research and teaches seminars on the use of FSM in the United States, Australia, Ireland and Europe. She has lectured at the National Institutes of Health and at numerous conferences in the US, England, Canada and Australia on the subjects of fibromyalgia and chronic pain syndromes.
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FSM Core Seminar, Videos, and Courses
The FSM Core Seminar covers basic microcurrent information and the use of specific frequencies and protocols thought to address specific tissues and conditions based on the principles of bio-resonance.
The first part of the course focuses on the frequencies and protocols used to treat chronic myofascial pain, new injuries, and injuries less than six weeks old, discogenic pain, post-concussive syndrome and neuropathic pain. The second part of the course focuses on the frequencies needed to treat visceral conditions and functional medicine applications.
The course is geared toward medical, chiropractic, osteopathic and naturopathic physicians, acupuncturists and physical therapists and the assistants who function in all of these clinical settings.
Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM) has been taught in seminars since 1997. FSM is now taught as a four-day course available for 32 hours of continuing education credit for many disciplines in most states and it is available as a video course. Practitioners are advised to check with their board if continuing education course credit is important to them.
The course has been taught to chiropractic, naturopathic, osteopathic and medical physicians, physical therapists, acupuncturists, occupational therapists and massage therapists and the assistants who function in their practices.
The course includes lecture time and 6 hours of hands-on practice time. The lecture includes the frequencies, frequency protocols, research data and conceptual framework within which the observed and documented FSM effects can be used and explained.
The conceptual framework comes from physics, biophysics, and thermodynamics but is structured in lay terms. The frequencies and treatment protocols for myofascial pain, disc, facet, and nerve pain are taught on the first day. The protocols and frequencies for treating new injuries, the nervous system and visceral conditions and emotional issues are taught on the second and third days.
FSM effects are very specific to the condition and require an accurate clinical diagnosis to be optimally effective. The course includes refreshers for the accurate diagnosis of discogenic and facet generated pain, neuropathic pain and ligamentous laxity, myofascial trigger points caused by overuse, joint dysfunction and visceral referral.
The 6 hours of practical sessions include how to use the protocols to treat pain complaints in various body parts. The treatment method and application is different than any other way of treating muscular pain for example because the contacts are placed in such a way as to allow frequencies and current to flow through the tissue being treated and pressure is used only to move the tissue while the frequency is breaking up the scar tissue.
There are at least 8 FSM Core seminars taught each year in every region of the US and abroad by Dr. McMakin. The FSM Core seminar is also available as a video course with practical hands-on instruction provided by a certified FSM practicum instructor.
For those in Ireland and the U.K. Denise Curtis MSc, PT teaches an FSM Core seminar at the national training Centre ( ntc.ie ) in Dublin, Ireland that is held over two weekends.
During the practicum portions of the FSM Core seminar, there is generally at least one instructor for every 8-10 students. The Core seminar is available on video and practitioners can learn how to use FSM by reading the frequency Specific Microcurrent in Pain Management textbook. FSM Core video learners can make arrangements with a trained FSM practicum instructor to be trained in the manual techniques and protocols for FSM in physical medicine in a private or small setting tutorial.
Once a year, there is a two day 16 hour FSM Advanced course that provides the complete list of frequencies and protocols not taught in the Core seminar. In the afternoon there are 90-minute advanced in-depth workshops presented by various expert practitioner faculty.
Every other year on this same weekend, there is a two-day International Symposium with guest lecturers and presentations by practitioners sharing case reports and research findings and workshops for both diagnosis and treatment.
There are a two-day instructor training and certification for people wishing to be considered as instructors for the practical sessions.
Course topics, goals and objectives:
The course covers basic microcurrent information and the use of specific frequencies and protocols thought to address specific tissues and conditions based on the principles of biologic resonance. The first part of the course focuses on the frequencies and protocols used to treat chronic myofascial pain, new injuries and injuries less than six weeks old, discogenic pain, post-concussive syndrome, and neuropathic pain. The third day of the course focuses on the frequencies needed to treat visceral conditions and functional medicine applications.
Proposed mechanisms of action for FSM
Basic science behind resonance effects
Creating a stable state for lasting effects
How to set up the device, effects of the current
Frequency conventions for FSM
Basic treatment strategies for myofascial trigger points
Published papers and data supporting use in myofascial trigger points
Frequencies and data supporting use to remove or soften scar tissue and adhesions
Frequency sequence strategy for treating myofascial pain and trigger points
Demonstration of the use of the manual device
Current and frequency applied to the group
Going over the differences in an individual’s ability to detect differences between frequency effects
Demonstrating the effects of 6 different two-channel frequency combinations
How to tell if a frequency is correct or if it is working
Protocol for treating muscle and fascia in myofascial pain
Includes contact placement and current flow directions
Treating myofascial pain in the neck and shoulder with the patient prone
The role of the subscapularis in shoulder pain and impingement
Protocols for acute, subacute, and chronic disc disease
Exercise protocols for disc pain patients
Protocols for acute and chronic spinal facet joints as perpetuating factors in myofascial pain
Recognize and treat alar ligament instability and dural adhesions at CO-C1 – 2
Protocol for ligamentous laxity as a perpetuating factor in myofascial pain
Treating the shoulder and the knee
Treating arthritis in any joint
Treating myofascial pain in TMJ
Practical considerations in choosing equipment for any particular practice
Treating the neck and shoulders with the patient in the supine position
Review of the facet, disc and ligament laxity contributions to cervical spine myofascial pain and dysfunction
Frequency protocols, precautions and treatment considerations in sub-acute injuries
Protocols for subacute trauma from week 2 to week 6
Differential diagnosis of shingles when it presents so that it appears to be a new injury
Treatment protocol for shingles
Protocols for acute trauma in the first week after injury
Protocols for athletic injuries
Differential diagnosis and treatment of shingles when it presents as if it is a new injury
Protocol and published paper on prevention of delayed onset muscle soreness
Protocol for post-operative care as a new injury
Protocol to enhance healing in acute fracture
Protocol for healed fractures that remain painful
Protocol for plantar fasciitis
Treating the lumbar spine with the patient in the supine position
Reinforcement of visceral contributions to myofascial pain in the lumbar spine
Review of the mechanics and considerations in facet and disc contributions to lumbar spine dysfunction
Basic organization of the central nervous system
Frequencies for the nervous system
Concepts in treating concussion, TBI and MBTI
Frequencies associated with pathologies for CNS and ANS dysfunction
Review of functions of different brain areas
Treatment protocol for post-concussive syndrome
Treatment protocols for sub-acute and chronic neurodegenerative conditions
Data documenting effects of FSM in a post-stroke patient with aphasia
Treatment protocol for migraine
Possible side effects in concussed patients who also have vestibular injuries
Diagnosis and pathophysiology of vestibular injuries
Management of vestibular injuries
Treating “brain fog” in a clinical setting
Treatment protocol for sleep disturbance
Diagnosis and treatment of PTSD
Data demonstrating effects of FSM in PTSD
Treatment protocol for PTSD
How to test and track improvement in PTSD symptoms
Treatment protocol for fibromyalgia associated with spine trauma -Protocol and technique for treating dural adhesions
Protocols for treating neuropathic pain including cervical, thoracic and lumbar radiculopathies
Review of published paper on neuropathic pain
Brachial plexus traction injuries
Resolving neural adhesions
Protocol for reversing neuropathic atrophy
Treatment protocol for post–herpetic neuralgia
Treatment protocol for compression neuropathies, carpal tunnel, thoracic outlet and Morton’s neuroma
Treatment protocol for diabetic neuropathies
Optional review of RSD / CRPS mechanism and treatment
Practice setting up treatment applications for different neuropathic pain treatments
Dry lab no treatments
Optional brief extremity treatment practicum
Visceral Applications and FSM treatment protocols/Immune system
Gastrointestinal system (Crohn’s, IBS, ulcerative colitis, constipation)
Liver treatment protocols and data on reducing liver enzymes
Treating the skin
Enhancing wound healing, treating oral and genital herpes
Treating skin scar tissue and acne
Skin anti-aging protocols
Treating eczema and psoriasis
Practitioners work together in small groups and choose who and what to treat within their own group based on the chosen
Treating the endocrine system (adrenals, thyroid, goiter)
Protocols for breast health
Treating the Lymphatics and lymphedema
Protocols for the reproductive system (vaginal scarring, vulvadynia, ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids)
Protocols for the respiratory system (Asthma, bronchitis, COPD, sinus, common cold)
Treating the cardiovascular system – precautions and protocols
FSM protocols for emotional conditions and emotional conditions associated with pain complaints
Wrapping up – dates for advanced course, certification process
*These protocols and statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. Resonance Therapy is not intended to diagnose or treat any disease or condition and is to be used as an adjunct therapy.