What is frequency specific microcurrent therapy?

FSM was developed by Dr. Carolyn McMakin in 1995 using frequencies passed on from an osteopath in Canada who had a practice that came with a machine made in the 1920’s. Dr. McMakin developed protocols for the treatment of myofascial pain in 1996 and presented her clinical data at the American Back Society national meeting in December 1997. In 1998, she published the paper on the “Treatment of chronic resistant myofascial pain in the head, neck, and face” in Topics in Clinical Chiropractic. In addition to other published FSM paper.

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Dr. McMakin’s textbook “Frequency Specific Microcurrent in Pain Management” was published by Elsevier in 1997. Dr. McMakin began teaching FSM in 1997 to see if the effects of FSM were reproducible. By June 1997 it was clear that the effects were reproducible and the seminars have evolved into a four-day intensive class in the use of frequency protocols, the differential diagnosis of pain generators, and neurologic conditions.

The frequencies were developed in the early 1900s and were used with funky-looking electronic equipment that fell out of use in the 1940s. Microcurrent was introduced as a battery-operated physical therapy modality in the 1980s in Europe and the USA. Microcurrent devices deliver frequencies and current in millionths of an amp and have been shown in published studies to increase energy (ATP) production in cells by 500%

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Since 1997, hundreds of practitioners around the world have taken the FSM seminar and use this amazing new technique to help patients recover from myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, sports injuries, concussion and many other health concerns. The FSM seminar teaches frequency protocols, differential diagnosis of pain complaints and hands-on use of the microcurrent equipment. Our students evaluate the seminars consistently with 5/5 value approval ratings

Carolyn McMakin, MA, DC is the leading authority and developer of Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM). She maintains a part-time clinical practice, participates in research and teaches seminars on the use of FSM in the United States, Australia, Ireland and Europe. She has lectured at the National Institutes of Health and at numerous conferences in the US, England, Canada and Australia on the subjects of fibromyalgia and chronic pain syndromes.

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FSM Core Seminar, Videos, and Courses

The FSM Core Seminar covers basic microcurrent information and the use of specific frequencies and protocols thought to address specific tissues and conditions based on the principles of bio-resonance.

The first part of the course focuses on the frequencies and protocols used to treat chronic myofascial pain, new injuries, and injuries less than six weeks old, discogenic pain, post-concussive syndrome and neuropathic pain. The second part of the course focuses on the frequencies needed to treat visceral conditions and functional medicine applications.

The course is geared toward medical, chiropractic, osteopathic and naturopathic physicians, acupuncturists and physical therapists and the assistants who function in all of these clinical settings.

Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM) has been taught in seminars since 1997. FSM is now taught as a 5-Day course available for 40 hours of continuing education credit for many disciplines in most states and it is available as a video course. Practitioners are advised to check with their board if continuing education course credit is important to them.

The course has been taught to chiropractic, naturopathic, osteopathic and medical physicians, physical therapists, acupuncturists, occupational therapists and massage therapists and the assistants who function in their practices.

The course includes lecture time and 6 hours of hands-on practice time. The lecture includes the frequencies, frequency protocols, research data and conceptual framework within which the observed and documented FSM effects can be used and explained.

The conceptual framework comes from physics, biophysics, and thermodynamics but is structured in lay terms. The frequencies and treatment protocols for myofascial pain, disc, facet, and nerve pain are taught on the first day. The protocols and frequencies for treating new injuries, the nervous system and visceral conditions and emotional issues are taught on the second and third days.

FSM effects are very specific to the condition and require an accurate clinical diagnosis to be optimally effective. The course includes refreshers for the accurate diagnosis of discogenic and facet generated pain, neuropathic pain and ligamentous laxity, myofascial trigger points caused by overuse, joint dysfunction and visceral referral.

The 6 hours of practical sessions include how to use the protocols to treat pain complaints in various body parts. The treatment method and application is different than any other way of treating muscular pain for example because the contacts are placed in such a way as to allow frequencies and current to flow through the tissue being treated and pressure is used only to move the tissue while the frequency is breaking up the scar tissue.

Core seminars are taken primarily via on-line video course or through video.  Several in-person seminars as well as in-person hands-on FSM practicum training weekends are also taught each year in every region of the US and abroad by Dr. McMakin. The FSM Core seminar practicum can also be provided by one of our certified FSM practicum instructors.

For those in Ireland and the U.K. Denise Curtis MSc, PT teaches an FSM Core seminar at the national training Centre ( ntc.ie ) in Dublin, Ireland that is held over two weekends.

During the practicum portions of the FSM Core seminar, there is generally at least one instructor for every 8-10 students. The Core seminar is available on video or as an online course. and practitioners can learn how to use FSM by reading the frequency Specific Microcurrent in Pain Management textbook. FSM Core video learners can make arrangements with a trained FSM practicum instructor to be trained in the manual techniques and protocols for FSM in physical medicine in a private or small setting tutorial.

Once a year, there is a two day 16 hour FSM Advanced course that provides the complete list of frequencies and protocols not taught in the Core seminar. In the afternoon there are 90-minute advanced in-depth workshops presented by various expert practitioner faculty.

Every other year on this same weekend, there is a two-day International Symposium with guest lecturers and presentations by practitioners sharing case reports and research findings and workshops for both diagnosis and treatment.

There are a two-day instructor training and certification for people wishing to be considered as instructors for the practical sessions.

Core Syllabus for Frequency Specific Microcurrent

Course topics, goals and objectives:

The course covers basic microcurrent information and the use of specific frequencies and protocols thought to address specific tissues and conditions based on the principles of biologic resonance. The first part of the course focuses on the frequencies and protocols used to treat chronic myofascial pain, new injuries and injuries less than six weeks old, discogenic pain, post-concussive syndrome, and neuropathic pain. The third day of the course focuses on the frequencies needed to treat visceral conditions and functional medicine applications.or