The FSM Core Seminar covers basic microcurrent information and the use of specific frequencies and protocols thought to address specific tissues and conditions based on the principles of bio-resonance.
The first part of the course focuses on the frequencies and protocols used to treat chronic myofascial pain, new injuries, and injuries less than six weeks old, discogenic pain, post-concussive syndrome and neuropathic pain. The second part of the course focuses on the frequencies needed to treat visceral conditions and functional medicine applications.
The course is geared toward medical, chiropractic, osteopathic and naturopathic physicians, acupuncturists and physical therapists and the assistants who function in all of these clinical settings.
Frequency Specific Microcurrent (FSM) has been taught in seminars since 1997. FSM is now taught as a four-day course available for 32 hours of continuing education credit for many disciplines in most states and it is available as a video course. Practitioners are advised to check with their board if continuing education course credit is important to them.
The course has been taught to chiropractic, naturopathic, osteopathic and medical physicians, physical therapists, acupuncturists, occupational therapists and massage therapists and the assistants who function in their practices.
The course includes lecture time and 6 hours of hands-on practice time. The lecture includes the frequencies, frequency protocols, research data and conceptual framework within which the observed and documented FSM effects can be used and explained.
The conceptual framework comes from physics, biophysics, and thermodynamics but is structured in lay terms. The frequencies and treatment protocols for myofascial pain, disc, facet, and nerve pain are taught on the first day. The protocols and frequencies for treating new injuries, the nervous system and visceral conditions and emotional issues are taught on the second and third days.
FSM effects are very specific to the condition and require an accurate clinical diagnosis to be optimally effective. The course includes refreshers for the accurate diagnosis of discogenic and facet generated pain, neuropathic pain and ligamentous laxity, myofascial trigger points caused by overuse, joint dysfunction and visceral referral.
The 6 hours of practical sessions include how to use the protocols to treat pain complaints in various body parts. The treatment method and application is different than any other way of treating muscular pain for example because the contacts are placed in such a way as to allow frequencies and current to flow through the tissue being treated and pressure is used only to move the tissue while the frequency is breaking up the scar tissue.
There are at least 8 FSM Core seminars taught each year in every region of the US and abroad by Dr. McMakin. The FSM Core seminar is also available as a video course with practical hands-on instruction provided by a certified FSM practicum instructor.
For those in Ireland and the U.K. Denise Curtis MSc, PT teaches an FSM Core seminar at the national training Centre ( ntc.ie ) in Dublin, Ireland that is held over two weekends.
During the practicum portions of the FSM Core seminar, there is generally at least one instructor for every 8-10 students. The Core seminar is available on video and practitioners can learn how to use FSM by reading the frequency Specific Microcurrent in Pain Management textbook. FSM Core video learners can make arrangements with a trained FSM practicum instructor to be trained in the manual techniques and protocols for FSM in physical medicine in a private or small setting tutorial.
Once a year, there is a two day 16 hour FSM Advanced course that provides the complete list of frequencies and protocols not taught in the Core seminar. In the afternoon there are 90-minute advanced in-depth workshops presented by various expert practitioner faculty.
Every other year on this same weekend, there is a two-day International Symposium with guest lecturers and presentations by practitioners sharing case reports and research findings and workshops for both diagnosis and treatment.
There are a two-day instructor training and certification for people wishing to be considered as instructors for the practical sessions.
Core Syllabus for Frequency Specific Microcurrent
Course topics, goals and objectives:
The course covers basic microcurrent information and the use of specific frequencies and protocols thought to address specific tissues and conditions based on the principles of biologic resonance. The first part of the course focuses on the frequencies and protocols used to treat chronic myofascial pain, new injuries and injuries less than six weeks old, discogenic pain, post-concussive syndrome, and neuropathic pain. The third day of the course focuses on the frequencies needed to treat visceral conditions and functional medicine applications.
At the end of the class:
- Students will independently operate a two-channel 3 digit specific microcurrent device. They are observed to be able to turn the unit on, modify the frequencies, amperage, wave slope, and polarity functions.
- Students will independently position and place the contacts on the patient and choose appropriate protocols for cervical, thoracic, and lumbar radiculopathies and diabetic neuropathies.
- Students will demonstrate at least two protocol selections for low back pain caused by facet joint inflammation.
- Students will explain at least three key contraindications, precautions to treatment, or known side effects of using frequency specific microcurrent.
- Given one sample patient, students will distinguish between pain caused by spinal facet joints, discs, and lax ligaments.
- Students will independently choose at least two appropriate protocols for each of the following conditions: cervical, thoracic, and lumbar radiculopathies and diabetic neuropathies.
The goal of Frequency Specific Seminars is to educate all of our students so that they will be able to accomplish these objectives independently within the scope of their own practice.
- Introductions/Introductory Information - 2 Hours
Proposed mechanisms of action for FSM
Basic science behind resonance effects
Creating a stable state for lasting effects
- Basics of FSM – 1.50 Hours
How to set up the device, effects of the current
Frequency conventions for FSM
Basic treatment strategies for myofascial trigger points
Published papers and data supporting use in myofascial trigger points
Frequencies and data supporting use to remove or soften scar tissue and adhesions
Frequency sequence strategy for treating myofascial pain and trigger points
- Setting up the device - .50 Hour
Demonstration of the use of the manual device
Current and frequency applied to the group
Going over the differences in an individual's ability to detect differences between frequency effects
Demonstrating the effects of 6 different two-channel frequency combinations
- Frequencies and protocol sequences for myofascial pain – 2 Hours
How to tell if a frequency is correct or if it is working
Protocol for treating muscle and fascia in myofascial pain
Includes contact placement and current flow directions
- Hands-on Practicum – 3 Hours
Treating myofascial pain in the neck and shoulder with the patient prone
The role of the subscapularis in shoulder pain and impingement
- Diagnosis and treatment protocols for disc generated pain – 1.5 Hours
Protocols for acute, subacute, and chronic disc disease
Exercise protocols for disc pain patients
- Differential diagnosis of acute and chronic facet joint generated pain – 1.5 Hours
Protocols for acute and chronic spinal facet joints as perpetuating factors in myofascial pain
- Differential diagnosis of ligamentous laxity, how to recognize it, and when and how to treat it – 1.5 Hours
Recognize and treat alar ligament instability and dural adhesions at CO-C1 – 2
Protocol for ligamentous laxity as a perpetuating factor in myofascial pain
- Recognizing and treating visceral perpetuating factors in myofascial pain and trigger points - 1 Hour
- Treating extremity joints – 1 Hour
Treating the shoulder and the knee
Treating arthritis in any joint
Treating myofascial pain in TMJ
- Introduction to the available microcurrent equipment useful for FSM practitioners - 1 Hour
Practical considerations in choosing equipment for any particular practice
- Supine cervical Practicum – 1 Hour
Treating the neck and shoulders with the patient in the supine position
Review of the facet, disc and ligament laxity contributions to cervical spine myofascial pain and dysfunction
- Treating Injuries and trauma in week 1 to week 6 - post-injury including post-operative pain and fractures - 1 Hour
Frequency protocols, precautions and treatment considerations in sub-acute injuries
Protocols for subacute trauma from week 2 to week 6
Differential diagnosis of shingles when it presents so that it appears to be a new injury
Treatment protocol for shingles
- Management and treatment protocols for acute injuries – 1.5 Hours
Protocols for acute trauma in the first week after injury
Protocols for athletic injuries
Differential diagnosis and treatment of shingles when it presents as if it is a new injury
Protocol and published paper on prevention of delayed onset muscle soreness
Protocol for post-operative care as a new injury
Protocol to enhance healing in acute fracture
Protocol for healed fractures that remain painful
Protocol for plantar fasciitis
- Supine Lumbar Practicum – 1 Hour
Treating the lumbar spine with the patient in the supine position
Reinforcement of visceral contributions to myofascial pain in the lumbar spine
Review of the mechanics and considerations in facet and disc contributions to lumbar spine dysfunction
- Introduction to treating the nervous system with FSM – 1.5 Hours
Basic organization of the central nervous system
Frequencies for the nervous system
Concepts in treating concussion, TBI and MBTI
Frequencies associated with pathologies for CNS and ANS dysfunction
Review of functions of different brain areas
Treatment protocol for post-concussive syndrome
Treatment protocols for sub-acute and chronic neurodegenerative conditions
Data documenting effects of FSM in a post-stroke patient with aphasia
Treatment protocol for migraine
- Introduction to diagnosis and mechanisms of vestibular injuries – 1 Hour
Possible side effects in concussed patients who also have vestibular injuries
Diagnosis and pathophysiology of vestibular injuries
Management of vestibular injuries
- Nervous system protocols – diagnosis and pathophysiology – 1.5 Hours
Treating “brain fog” in a clinical setting
Treatment protocol for sleep disturbance
Diagnosis and treatment of PTSD
Data demonstrating effects of FSM in PTSD
Treatment protocol for PTSD
How to test and track improvement in PTSD symptoms
- Differential diagnosis and pathophysiology of Fibromyalgia and its different causes – 1 Hour
Treatment protocol for fibromyalgia associated with spine trauma -Protocol and technique for treating dural adhesions
- Protocols for treating neuropathic pain including cervical, thoracic and lumbar radiculopathies – 1.5 Hours
Protocols for treating neuropathic pain including cervical, thoracic and lumbar radiculopathies
Review of published paper on neuropathic pain
Brachial plexus traction injuries
Resolving neural adhesions
Protocol for reversing neuropathic atrophy
Treatment protocol for post–herpetic neuralgia
Treatment protocol for compression neuropathies, carpal tunnel, thoracic outlet and Morton’s neuroma
Treatment protocol for diabetic neuropathies
Optional review of RSD / CRPS mechanism and treatment
- Practice setting up treatment applications – 1 Hour
Practice setting up treatment applications for different neuropathic pain treatments
Dry lab no treatments
Optional brief extremity treatment practicum
- Visceral Applications and FSM treatment protocols – 1.5 Hours
Visceral Applications and FSM treatment protocols/Immune system
Gastrointestinal system (Crohn’s, IBS, ulcerative colitis, constipation)
Liver treatment protocols and data on reducing liver enzymes
Treating the skin
Enhancing wound healing, treating oral and genital herpes
Treating skin scar tissue and acne
Skin anti-aging protocols
Treating eczema and psoriasis
- Practicum -1 Hour
Practitioners work together in small groups and choose who and what to treat within their own group based on the chosen
- Diagnosis and treatment protocols for visceral tissues and systems – 1 Hour
Treating the endocrine system (adrenals, thyroid, goiter)
Protocols for breast health
Treating the Lymphatics and lymphedema
Protocols for the reproductive system (vaginal scarring, vulvadynia, ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids)
Protocols for the respiratory system (Asthma, bronchitis, COPD, sinus, common cold)
Treating the cardiovascular system – precautions and protocols
FSM protocols for emotional conditions and emotional conditions associated with pain complaints
Wrapping up – dates for advanced course, certification process
*These protocols and statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. Resonance Therapy is not intended to diagnose or treat any disease or condition and is to be used as an adjunct therapy.
The manufacturers and distributors of the equipment used in the FSM courses are completely separate from FSM and are not involved in Frequency Specific Seminars or in the teaching of uses of frequencies. The frequencies have to be delivered by some sort of electromagnetic device that supplies current. These devices are categorized as TENS devices and as such are only approved for and used in the treatment of pain. Most of the applications of frequencies are for pain which is consistent with the approved use of the devices. But the effects of biological resonance and frequencies have nothing to do with the devices or their approved uses.
Microcurrent is approved in the category of TENS devices by the FDA. TENS devices deliver milliamp current and block pain messages that are tying to get up the spine to the brain. Microcurrent delivers subsensory microamperage current, 1000 times less than milli-amperage current, which has been shown in published studies to increase ATP production in tissues.
In 1982 Ngok Cheng published, “The Effect of Electric Currents on ATP Generation, Protein Synthesis and Membrane Transport in Rat Skin in Clinical Orthopedics” (volume 171: pages 264-272). This study showed that microcurrent increased ATP production in rat skin by 500%. ATP is the chemical that the body uses for energy. The current also increased amino acid transport into the cell by 70% and waste product removal. The implications for human healing and repair are obvious. ATP production was increased as long as the current was below 500 microamps. When the authors increased the current to 1000 micro amps, or one milliamp, a current range delivered by TENS devices and other types of electrical stimulation therapies, the ATP production was actually reduced.
Our goal is to treat every patient in pain who wants to be helped by training practitioners who can treat them. And to teach, research, publish and promote FSM in such a way that it survives and thrives.
“Frequency Specific Microcurrent
Changing medicine one patient at a time
Changing patients’ lives one doctor at a time”
There can be no claims made for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition using frequencies. Science is a method of study not a body of information or a viewpoint. In any scientific endeavor an objective trained observer can make observations of effects. All science starts with observation of a phenomenon and then asks whether the phenomena can be measured and whether it is reproducible and predictable. The scientific method finally sets out to measure and observe the phenomena in a controlled fashion eliminating every other possibility for the observed effect besides the hypothesized mechanism being studied. FSM is in the early stages of this process. The phenomena are physical changes in biological tissue observed to occur only in response to certain specific frequency combinations applied with a microcurrent device delivering square wave pulses on two channels simultaneously. There are certain frequencies that produce effects that can be objectively measured, that are reproducible by any trained practitioner treating the same condition in a hydrated patient and that are predictable. Controlled trials are planned to finally confirm the frequency specific response.
The machines, approved as TENS devices, can only provide symptomatic relief of pain. The current can increase ATP production as shown in the peer reviewed article published by Ngok Cheng in 1982.
Micro current is current in millionths of an ampere. An ampere is a measure of the movement of electrons past a point. Microamperage current is the same kind of current your body produces on its own within each cell. This is current in millionths of an amp. It is very small; there is not enough current to stimulate sensory nerves so the current flow cannot be felt. You can tell it is running by watching the conductance meter on the machine.
Ultra sound creates ultrasonic vibrations and creates heat by vibrating the water molecules in the tissue. It does not provide current nor does it change ATP status. It provides beneficial results by these mechanisms but it is just completely different than microcurrent.
Microcurrent provides electrons and in published studies increases ATP production in cells. Lasers provide photons. I am not aware of any research suggesting that laser treatment increases ATP production. Lasers oscillate at set frequencies and provide beneficial results but usually only provide one frequency at a time instead of the dual frequencies used in FSM treatment. Lasers provide whatever benefits they provide by some other method than frequency specific resonance and ATP enhancement.
Anyone who has enough medical background to understand and benefit from the course can attend. In order to practice FSM and purchase and use the equipment on patients, they must have a license that allows them to use electrical stimulation or does not restrict them from using electrical stimulation on patients or must work for someone who has such a license. The course is geared toward medical, chiropractic, osteopathic and naturopathic physicians, acupuncturists and physical therapists and the assistants who function in all of these clinical settings.